Rice University logo
Top blue bar image

Public Initiatives

Data Sources


    More »

    Research Websites

    • Referenda and Primary Election Materials (ICPSR): Election returns at the county and state levels from the mid-19th century to the late 20th century regarding primary and general elections on statewide referenda, constitutional amendments, state House/Senate joint resolutions, and initiated measures
      Highlights: 13,495 variables listed; downloadable datasets available; historical information available
    More »

    Policy Information Websites

    More »

    General Public Information Websites

    More »


    Data Visualization

    • SameSexBallot

      Data provided by Ballotpedia.

    Recent Scholarship

    More »